Dr. Sharon S. Bassan
Sharon S. Bassan is a bioethicist, with a PhD and JD in law. She is a Postdoctoral Research Associate with joint appointments in Values and Public Policy and the Woodrow Wilson School’s Office of Population Research in Princeton University. Her research combines legal-philosophical background; policy-making experience; a global point of view; and a feminist perception. Sharon is interested in issues of health law/policy and bioethics, in particular in the areas of the ethics of reproductive technologies, health markets, global health governance and global justice. Currently she is working on two projects, the first, a book about the regulation of cross-border surrogacy; the second, the ethics of AI.
Her first article on the topic (co-authored with Ofer Harel), discusses the challenges in the maximization of research benefit and the minimization of potential harms in the unique context of health-related research in Big Data from multiple sources, which are differently protected by the law. Forthcoming projects are: 1) AI Code of Ethics, a comparative research, which maps AI principles documents suggested by leading institutes and bodies (professional, commercial and others), maps areas of agreement and differences in order to highlight views that different institutions have in common, with the aim to suggest a code of ethics that could appeal to different stakeholders and serve as a basis for regulation. 2) The Data Minefields –What Can Gen-ethics Teach us about Ethics and Legal Regulation of AI Data Mining? a paper that reviews similarities and differences between the two areas and explores how AI data mining regulation can benefit from previous experience earned in genetics. 3) AI in Medicine – a paper that focuses on the need to reform current AI regulation specifically for its use in medicine.
Ruha Benjamin is Associate Professor of African American Studies. Her work investigates the social dimensions of science, technology, and medicine, with a focus on the tension between innovation and inequity. Ruha is the author of People’s Science: Bodies and Rights on the Stem Cell Frontier (Stanford University Press), and is at work on three new projects—Race After Technology (Polity), a book about machine bias, discriminatory design, and liberatory approaches to technoscience; an edited volume, Captivating Technology (Duke University Press), which examines how carceral logics shape social life well beyond prisons and police; and finally, The Emperor’s New Genes, a project that explores how population genomics reflects and redraws socio-political classifications such as race, caste, and citizenship. She is the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships including from the American Council of Learned Societies, National Science Foundation, Institute for Advanced Study and most recently the 2017 President’s Award for Distinguished Teaching at Princeton.
Susan J. Brison is Professor of Philosophy and Eunice and Julian Cohen Professor for the Study of Ethics and Human Values at Dartmouth College. She has held visiting positions at Tufts, New York University, and Princeton, where she was Visiting Professor for Distinguished Teaching at the University Center for Human Values in 2016-17 and Visiting Professor of Philosophy in 2018-19.. She has been a Mellon Fellow, a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow, and a Member of the School of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. The author of Aftermath: Violence and the Remaking of a Self (Princeton University Press) and co-editor of Contemporary Perspectives on Constitutional Interpretation (Westview Press) and Free Speech in the Digital Age (Oxford University Press), she has also published articles on gender-based violence and on free speech theory in scholarly journals such as Ethics and Legal Theory, as well as in more popular venues such as The New York Times and The Guardian.
Nick Feamster, who has earned accolades for his efforts to unmask spammers and solve other real-world computer problems, joined the Computer Science Department in 2015 as a professor, after nine years on the faculty at Georgia Tech. He summarizes the motivation behind his research in a single sentence: “Nobody notices when the network works well, but everyone suffers when it doesn’t.” His work on experimental networked systems and security aims to make networks easier to manage, more secure, and more available. During the past three years, he has focused on Internet censorship and information control, home and access networks, and software defined networking. The MIT Technology Review named Professor Feamster to its list of top innovators under 35 in 2010, citing his study of “the suspicious behavior of spam.” He earned his doctorate in computer science in 2005 from MIT, where he also did his undergraduate work. He is an ACM Fellow. He received the NSF Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship, the NSF Career Award, and the IBM Faculty Award.
Brett Frischmann is the Charles Widger Endowed University Professor in Law, Business and Economics, Villanova University, an affiliated scholar of the Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School, and a trustee for the Nexa Center for Internet & Society, Politecnico di Torino. He teaches courses in intellectual property, Internet law, and technology policy. Frischmann is a prolific author, whose articles have appeared in numerous leading academic journals. He also has published important books on the relationships between infrastructural resources, governance, commons, and spillovers, including Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources (Oxford University Press, 2012), Governing Knowledge Commons (Oxford University Press, 2014, with Michael Madison and Katherine Strandburg), and Governing Medical Knowledge Commons (Cambridge University Press, Winter 2017, with Michael Madison and Katherine Strandburg). Frischmann received his BA in Astrophysics from Columbia University, an MS in Earth Resources Engineering from Columbia University, and a JD from the Georgetown University Law Center. After clerking for the Honorable Fred I. Parker of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and practicing at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering in Washington, DC, he joined the Loyola University, Chicago law faculty in 2002.
On April 19, 2018, Frischmann published Re-Engineering Humanity (Cambridge 2018), co-authored with RIT philosopher Evan Selinger. The book examines techno-social engineering of humans, various ‘creep’ phenomena (e.g., boilerplate, nudge, and surveillance creep), and modern techno-driven Taylorism. The book develops a series of human-focused Turing tests to identify and evaluate when humans behave like machines.
Lori Gruen is William Griffin Professor of Philosophy at Wesleyan University. She is a leading scholar in Animal Studies and Feminist Philosophy. She is the author and editor of 10 books, including Ethics and Animals: An Introduction (Cambridge, 2011), Critical Terms for Animal Studies (Chicago, 2018), Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Philosophy and Ethics (Oxford, 2012), Ethics of Captivity (Oxford, 2014), and Entangled Empathy (Lantern, 2015). Her work in practical ethics and political philosophy focuses on issues that impact those often overlooked in traditional ethical investigations, e.g. women, people of color, incarcerated people, and non-human animals. She is a Fellow of the Hastings Center for Bioethics, a Faculty Fellow at Tufts’ Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine’s Center for Animals and Public Policy, and was the first chair of the Faculty Advisory Committee of the Center for Prison Education at Wesleyan. Gruen has documented the history of The First 100 chimpanzees in research in the US and has an evolving website that documents the journey to sanctuary of the remaining chimpanzees in research labs, The Last 1000.
Gruen has written on a range of topics in practical ethics, feminist philosophy and political philosophy. Her current projects include exploring captivity and the ethical and political questions raised by carceral logics.
Andy Guess is an assistant professor of politics and public affairs at Princeton University. His research focuses on how people learn and respond to (mis)information about politics, especially via social media.
Desmond Jagmohan is Assistant Professor of Politics at Princeton University. He studies history of political theory and works primarily in the areas of American and African American political thought. He also has interests in slavery and modern political theory, property, and historical methods. Currently, he is completing his first book, Dark Virtues: Booker T. Washington’s Tragic Realism. Based on several years of archival research, the book recovers an unseen and more radical Booker T. Washington. It reconstructs his political ethics, including his moral defense of equivocation, concealment, and deception as political virtues under conditions of extreme domination. The book is partly based on his dissertation, which won the Best Dissertation Award from the Race, Ethnicity and Politics Section of APSA (2015). His second book, Slavery and Moral Agency, reads Harriet Jacobs’ slave narrative as a philosophical and not simply a polemical response to proslavery arguments and defense of a distinct form of moral agency. Presently, he has several articles in progress or under journal review. His work has been published in Perspectives on Politics, Politics, Groups, and Identities, and Contemporary Political Theory. He holds a Ph.D. from Cornell University (2015).
Dylan Murray is currently a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the University Center for Human Values and Program in Cognitive Science. He works primarily in moral psychology, especially on issues at the intersection of ethics and cognitive science.
Arvind Narayanan is an Associate Professor of Computer Science at Princeton. He leads the Princeton Web Transparency and Accountability Project to uncover how companies collect and use our personal information. Narayanan also leads a research team investigating the security, anonymity, and stability of cryptocurrencies as well as novel applications of blockchains. He co-created a Massive Open Online Course as well as a textbook on Bitcoin and cryptocurrency technologies. His doctoral research showed the fundamental limits of de-identification, for which he received the Privacy Enhancing Technologies Award.
Narayanan is an affiliated faculty member at the Center for Information Technology Policy at Princeton and an affiliate scholar at Stanford Law School’s Center for Internet and Society. You can follow him on Twitter at @random_walker.
Ms. Jasmine Peled*
Jasmine Peled currently works on computer network analysis at the Department of Defense. She recently graduated from Princeton University, where she studied computer science and philosophy. Her work at Princeton focused on how undergraduate computer science courses can better incorporate material about ethics in order to encourage students to consider the ethical and societal implications of the technologies they develop. Her research interests include ethical computer science education, technology policy, and fairness in machine learning.
Philip Pettit divides his time between Princeton University, where he is based at the University Center for Human Values, and the Australian National University, School of Philosophy. He has worked in a range of areas, including ethical and political theory; the theory of collective and corporate agency; and the philosophy of mind. He has published a number of books in those areas, most recently The Birth of Ethics (OUP 2018). Common Minds: Themes from the Philosophy of Philip Pettit appeared from OUP in 2007, edited by Geoffrey Brennan, R.E.Goodin, Frank Jackson and Michael Smith.
Lucia M. Rafanelli is a Research Associate at Chapman University’s Smith Institute for Political Economy and Philosophy. Her main research interests include contemporary political theory, theories of human rights, global justice, collective agency and collective personhood, and philosophy of law. She is currently working on a book about the ethics of attempts to promote justice in foreign societies.
Rafanelli’s central research interests intersect with issues surrounding the ethical uses of AI, data, and algorithms in a number of ways. Cyber warfare, the use of autonomous weapons, and the use of data or algorithms to identify targets raise important and little-explored questions for just war theory and the ethics of foreign influence more broadly. The rise of social media and the use of personal data to customize the content to which people are exposed present both opportunities and challenges for ethical cross-border political activism. And many of the ethical questions surrounding whether AI should be granted (legal or moral) personhood parallel those surrounding whether collectives should be granted (legal or moral) personhood.
Rafanelli received her Ph.D. from the Politics Department at Princeton University in 2018. She also holds an M.A. in Politics from Princeton and a B.A. in Government and Philosophy from Cornell University, where she graduated magna cum laude in Government, with distinction in all subjects.
Olga Russakovsky is an Assistant Professor in the Computer Science Department at Princeton University. Her research is in computer vision, closely integrated with machine learning and human-computer interaction. She completed her PhD at Stanford University and her postdoctoral fellowship at Carnegie Mellon University. She was awarded the PAMI Everingham Prize in 2016 as one of the leaders of the ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge, the MIT Technology Review’s 35-under-35 Innovator award in 2017 and was named one of Foreign Policy Magazine’s 100 Leading Global Thinkers in 2015. In addition to her research, she co-founded and continues to serve as a board member of the AI4ALL foundation dedicated to increasing diversity and inclusion in AI. She co-founded the Stanford AI4ALL camp teaching AI to high school girls (formerly “SAILORS”) and the Princeton AI4ALL camp teaching AI to URM high school students.
Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics in the University Center for Human Values. He first became well-known internationally after the publication of Animal Liberation (1975). His other books include: Democracy and Disobedience (1973); Practical Ethics (1979, 3rd. ed. 2011); The Expanding Circle (1981, new ed 2011); Marx (1980); Hegel (1983); The Reproduction Revolution (1984) (co-authored with Deane Wells); Should the Baby Live? (1986) (co-authored with Helga Kuhse); How Are We to Live? (1995); Rethinking Life and Death (1996); One World (2002; revised edition One World Now, 2016); Pushing Time Away (2003); The President of Good and Evil (2004); The Ethics of What We Eat (2006) (co-authored with Jim Mason); The Life You Can Save (2009); The Point of View of the Universe (2014) co-authored with Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek; The Most Good You Can Do (2015); Ethics in the Real World (2016); and Utilitarianism: A Very Short Introduction, co-authored by Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek. Singer holds his appointment at the Center jointly with his appointment as Laureate Professor at the University of Melbourne, attached to the School of Historical and Philosophical Studies. Singer was made a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in 2012. He is the founder and board chair of The Life You Can Save, a nonprofit that fights extreme poverty.