Dr. Sharon S.

Sharon S. Bassan is a bioethicist, with a PhD and JD in law. She is a Postdoctoral Research Associate with joint appointments in Values and Public Policy and the Woodrow Wilson School’s Office of Population Research in Princeton University. Her research combines legal-philosophical background; policy-making experience; a global point of view; and a feminist perception. Sharon is interested in issues of health law/policy and bioethics, in particular in the areas of the ethics of reproductive technologies, health markets, global health governance and global justice. Currently she is working on two projects, the first, a book about the regulation of cross-border surrogacy; the second, the ethics of AI.

Her first article on the topic (co-authored with Ofer Harel), discusses the challenges in the maximization of research benefit and the minimization of potential harms in the unique context of health-related research in Big Data from multiple sources, which are differently protected by the law. Forthcoming projects are: 1) AI Code of Ethics, a comparative research, which maps AI principles documents suggested by leading institutes and bodies (professional, commercial and others), maps areas of agreement and differences in order to highlight views that different institutions have in common, with the aim to suggest a code of ethics that could appeal to different stakeholders and serve as a basis for regulation. 2) The Data Minefields –What Can Gen-ethics Teach us about Ethics and Legal Regulation of AI Data Mining? a paper that reviews similarities and differences between the two areas and explores how AI data mining regulation can benefit from previous experience earned in genetics. 3) AI in Medicine – a paper that focuses on the need to reform current AI regulation specifically for its use in medicine.

Dr. Dylan

Dylan Murray is currently a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the University Center for Human Values and Program in Cognitive Science. He works primarily in moral psychology, especially on issues at the intersection of ethics and cognitive science.

Dr. Lucia M.

Lucia M. Rafanelli is a Research Associate at Chapman University’s Smith Institute for Political Economy and Philosophy. Her main research interests include contemporary political theory, theories of human rights, global justice, collective agency and collective personhood, and philosophy of law. She is currently working on a book about the ethics of attempts to promote justice in foreign societies.

Rafanelli’s central research interests intersect with issues surrounding the ethical uses of AI, data, and algorithms in a number of ways. Cyber warfare, the use of autonomous weapons, and the use of data or algorithms to identify targets raise important and little-explored questions for just war theory and the ethics of foreign influence more broadly. The rise of social media and the use of personal data to customize the content to which people are exposed present both opportunities and challenges for ethical cross-border political activism. And many of the ethical questions surrounding whether AI should be granted (legal or moral) personhood parallel those surrounding whether collectives should be granted (legal or moral) personhood.

Rafanelli received her Ph.D. from the Politics Department at Princeton University in 2018. She also holds an M.A. in Politics from Princeton and a B.A. in Government and Philosophy from Cornell University, where she graduated magna cum laude in Government, with distinction in all subjects.